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Tuesday, January 8, 2013

PHONICS



Phonics is a method for teaching reading and writing the English language by developing learners' phonemic awareness—the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate phonemes—in order to teach the correspondence between these sounds and the spelling patterns (graphemes) that represent them.


The goal of phonics is to enable beginning readers to decode new written words by sounding them out, or in phonics terms, blending the sound-spelling patterns. Since it focuses on the spoken and written units within words, phonics is a sublexical approach and, as a result, is often contrasted with Whole language, a word-level-up philosophy for teaching reading.
The phonetic method of teaching how to read is employed by many schools all over the world as it is the most effective method to teach kids how to read. Reading and phonics are deeply related to each other, and this method makes use of that link to help a child in picking up the basics of reading.

The phonetics method of teaching to read concentrates entirely on the sounds made by alphabets. By using the phonic system of learning, children learn to associate letters with sounds, which are then linked to sounds of speech. This method thus enables a child to be able to read faster and on his/her own.
Since the phonics method concentrates on sounds rather than words, it is easy for children to grasp the proper pronunciation of a word, its enunciation, as well as it articulation. Reading and phonics have always been closely associated. The human brain processes information through two basic pathways. They are the auditory path and the visual path. The auditory pathway has a short term memory and is used to learn, understand, and use the various methods of teaching.
Some educators who support the phonic method believe that when children master the pronunciation rules, they can read on their own. 
Educators who oppose this method believe knowing the sound without knowing the meaning of the word does not work. Some educators do not teach the pronunciation rules; words in books are read aloud in class. The children are supposed to remember how each word sounds one by one as they encounter them in the context of a story or other reading materials.

There are several types of phonics instructional methods and approaches:


·         Analogy phonics

Teaching students unfamiliar words by analogy to known words (e.g., recognizing that the rime segment of an unfamiliar word is identical to that of a familiar word, and then blending the known rime with the new word onset, such as reading brick by recognizing that -ick is contained in the known word kick, or reading stump by analogy to jump).

·         Analytic phonics

Teaching students to analyze letter-sound relations in previously learned words to avoid pronouncing sounds in isolation.

·         Embedded phonics

Teaching students phonics skills by embedding phonics instruction in text reading, a more implicit approach that relies to some extent on incidental learning.

·         Phonics through spelling

Teaching students to segment words into phonemes and to select letters for those phonemes (i.e., teaching students to spell words phonemically).

·         Synthetic phonics

Teaching students explicitly to convert letters into sounds (phonemes) and then blend the sounds to form recognizable words.

Here we want share with you this video that is about jolly phonics. Jolly phonics is a fun and child centred approach to teaching literacy through synthetic phonics. With actions for each of the 42 letter sounds, the multi-sensory method is very motivating for children and teachers, who can see their students achieve. The letter sounds are split into seven groups as shown below.





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