The communicative approach is the theory that language is communication. Therefore the final aim of CLT is communicative competence.
The principles of the communicative approach:
- Learners learn through using it to communicate.
- Authentic and meaningful communication should be the goal of classroom activities.
- Fluency is an important dimension of communication.
- Communication involves the integration of different language skills.
- Learning is a process of creative construction and envolves trial and error.
So, what is the teacher's role in this?
The teacher has two main roles:
- To facilitate the communication process in the classroom.
- To act as an independent participant within the learning-teaching group.
The teacher is also expected to act as a resource, an organiser of resources, a motivator, a counsellor, a guide, an analyst and a researcher.
In practical terms, what does that mean?
It means that we need to concentrate on the following:
- Teacher-student activities.
Here, we post a video about communicative language teaching: